Use VRay and 3D studio Max for unique 3D building design
Recently, I was involved in a project for a 3d visualisation company called The Visualiser.
Also, check my New Book: 3D Photorealistic Rendering: Interiors & Exteriors with V-Ray and 3ds Max
The initial brief from the client was to create an exquisite high rise building, with a specific pattern throughout its external surface.
After having exhausted all options while trying different techniques and using alternative applications such as Zbrush, AutoCAD, etc; we’ve finally decided to outsource the 3d modelling to an external company renown for creating complex 3d models, very quickly!
Few days later, they’ve returned back to us with the disappointing news that, after having tried numerous techniques/approaches, they simply wouldn’t be able to deliver on their original promise.
The shocking news left us with no option but to look for an alternative solution, immediately!
With the invaluable help of an outstanding senior artist by the name of Vempalle Sudhakar, we were able to create and visualise the building accurately, and according to the client’s specific requirements.
The complex building patterns were accurately created, by using an outstanding plug-in called VRayPattern.
This easy to use plug-in allowed us to quickly create one set of pattern in 3d, to be later wrapped around the organic shaped building structure.
While the VrayPattern plug-in can be used in a variety of different ways, and for numerous purposes, we’ve quickly achieved our results by doing the following:
1-We’ve begun by first importing a specific AutoCAD pattern supplied by the client
2-This AutoCAD drawing was used as the basis to create the exquisite building patterns.
Before introducing the VrayPattern, users are required to first create the relevant pattern and the building shape, in 3d.
In addition, it’s worth noting that, the 3d pattern needs to be smooth enough to fit the building structure accurately.
a- We’ve started by creating a 3d plane and setting its “Length and Width segments” to about 100.
Please note that, the value of 100 worked well for the amount of smoothness required.
However, feel free to use different values, if necessary.
b-Next, we’ve begun recreating the circled patterns using the “circle” shape.
We’ve also ensured that, its default “interpolation” value was set to 100 “Steps”, to achieve a smooth and accurate surface, as described earlier.
While increasing the “steps” value improves the quality of a surface, it will not affect the display or the rendering performance.
The subsequent shapes were created by simply unticking the “Start New Shape” function, and creating new circle shapes.
The shape was later extruded and booleaned against the plane created earlier.
4- Once the building pattern was created, we’ve used some of the drawing splines to create the organic building shape/shell.
It was achieved, by first selecting one of the drawing’s splines/shapes, followed by opening the “Modify” panel.
Next, we’ve enabled the “Cross Section” function and selected/attached each relevant building spline in a “top to bottom” sequential order.
To exit adding/attaching splines simply right click.
To finalize the building shape/shell, we’ve simply applied a surface modifier on top.
Note how the building gradually decreases in size, from top to bottom
5- The final stage was to create and wrap the exquisite building pattern, with the help of “VrayPattern” plug-in.
a- In the “Geometry” command panel, we’ve opened its dropdown list and selected the “Vray” command from its list.
b-In the “Object Type” group, we’ve selected the “VrayPattern” function, followed by clicking and dragging/scaling its icon in the viewport to create it.
c- While the “VrayPattern” was still selected, we’ve opened its “Modify” panel.
In the “Base parameters” group, we’ve enabled the “in the scene” function, followed by selecting the previously created “plane008” in the scene viewport. A gizmo should immediately appear around the “plane008” pattern/shape.
b- In the “Surface” group, we’ve picked the building surface/shell, previously created.
For this project the mapping parameters depicted in the image below worked best. However, users are often required to tweak with its values (quick test renders) to achieve the desired results.
Furthermore, the “UVW Map” length and width values need to be entered in the “VrayPattern” crop size values
Note: By default, the colour/ material of the rendered building with the pattern, comes from the “VrayPattern” icon in the scene. To change this, simply apply a nice Vray material to the “VrayPattern” icon in the scene.
For this project, we’ve applied a nice Vray metallic finish to it
Moreover, it’s worth noting that, the Vray pattered building cannot be converted into a mesh. Therefore, any changes/tweaks need to occur on “Surface” and/or “pattern” level.
For more information about its easy to use parameters and installation process, please visit the following page:
The circled window details (i.e. circled frames) were created by using some of the techniques covered earlier.
Finally,the remaining building details were physically modelled on top of the building itself (i.e. Line003).
Please see below the complete rendered image, with lights and other features.
I hope you like the final result: